Resolving Shutdown Immediate Hang Situations | Sometimes we are facing the situation were shutting down the instance with shutdown immediate seems to take infinite time and database look like that the session is hung. In most of the cases this is not a hang. Hang can be defined as a scenario when few sessions/processes are waiting on some action and in turn blocking other session/processes to complete their tasks. Now the original sessions could be waiting because of resource issues.
How to Shutdown Immediate Hang Situations?
Shutdown immediate Hang can take long time to complete. Below are three reasons:
1. Uncommitted transactions are being rolled back.
2. SMON is cleaning temp segments or performing delayed block cleanouts.
3. Processes still continue to be connected to the database and do not terminate.
1. Uncommitted transactions are being rolled back:
This is the case when the message ‘Waiting for smon to disable tx recovery’ is posted in the alert log after we issue shutdown immediate Hang.
There are two reasons for this:
– A large query was running at the time of shutdown immediate.
-A large transaction was running at the time of shutdown immediate.
To check large running queries:
SQL > select count(*) from v$session_longops where time_remaining>0;
If it returns a value > 0 then we can do a shutdown abort and then startup restrict and then again shutdown immediate.
To check large running transactions:
SQL > select sum(used_ublk) from v$transaction;
If it returns a large value, then we have to wait for a long time for shutdown to get completed.
If the large transaction is aborted and then shutdown is issued then we have to query v$fast_start_transactions and v$fast_start_server, we will not see anything in v$transaction at this time.
At this particular moment transaction recovery is going on and the count (*) will keep on decreasing:
SQL > select count (*) from v$fast_start_transaction;
Decreasing count will show that recovery is going on and when the recovery is completed the database will be shutdown.
2. SMON is cleaning temp segments or performing delayed block cleanouts:
During a SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE and SHUTDOWN NORMAL, SMON cleans up extents which are no longer needed and marking them as freed. It means that count from uet$ will decrease and count in fet$ will increase.
To verify that the temporary segments are decreasing have an active session available in SQL during the SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE. Run query to ensure the database is not hanging, but is actually perform extent cleanup:
SQL> select count(block#) from fet$; COUNT(BLOCK) ---------- 115 SQL> select count(block#) from uet$; COUNT(BLOCK) ---------- 713
After some time, issue the query again and check the results:
SQL> select count(block#) from fet$; COUNT(BLOCK) ---------- 210 SQL > select count(block#) from uet$; COUNT(BLOCK) ---------- 512
3. Processes still continue to be connected to the database and do not terminate:
After issuing shutdown immediate, If we see entries in alert log file as:
Tue Jan 6 12:00:20 2017
Active call for process 10071 user ‘oracle’ program ‘[email protected] (J001)’
SHUTDOWN: waiting for active calls to complete.
Tue Jan 6 12:00:50 2017
SHUTDOWN: Active sessions prevent database close operation
It shows that there are some active calls at program ‘[email protected] (J001)’ which pmon is not able to clear up.This message is due to the fact that database is waiting for pmon to clean up processes, but pmon is unable to clean them. The client connections to the server are causing the shutdown immediate or normal to hang. Do the following in this case:
1. Before shutdown immediate, shutdown the listener:
$ lsnrctl stop
2. Now check if there are any connection present at the database as:
$ ps -eaf | grep LOCAL
It will give you the OSPIDs of the client connected to database.
3 Manually kill them as:
# Kill -9 <OSPID>
4. Issue shutdown immediate now.
Do not forget to bring up the listener after startup
In addition to this you can set 10046 events in the session used to shut down the instance. This will help to tell the event on which session is waiting.
SQL>alter session set events '10046 trace name context forever, level 12' SQL>Shutdown immediate;
Check the trace file in user_dump_dest location. Also look at the alert.log for any other messages (ORA error). They might be helpful in case the shutdown is experiencing hang situation.
Recent Post :-
- How to change database name using nid in oracle
- Running autoconfig in parallel on multi node EBS R12
- How to run AutoConfig in Test Mode
- What is oracle database?
- How to run SQL tuning advisor manually in Oracle Database